Shrimp Food Guide

Shrimp Food Guide

Looking for a new shrimp food for your shrimp, or perhaps just want to learn more about their diet? Will look no further! This guide will outline some of the basics of a shrimps diet, the recommended foods, commercial foods, as well as tips and tricks picked up over the years.

They say variety is the spice of life. So why not spice up your shrimps diet and provide them with the best!

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Biofilm The Natural Shrimp Food

Biofilm is considered the number one food source for shrimp both in an aquarium and in nature. It is thus very important that we allow biofilm to grow in our shrimp tanks. Biofilm is naturally occurring and most commonly seen on surface of decaying leaves or plant matter, often as a white "fungus" looking goo. As organic matter slowly breaks down in water it will produce biofilm, which in turn shrimp will graze on. 

Livescience describes biofilm as follows : "Biofilms are a collective of one or more types of microorganisms that can grow on many different surfaces. Microorganisms that form biofilms include bacteria, fungi and protists. "

The best method of adding biofilm into a shrimp tank is to add some natural leaf litter, cones or wood to a tank. It will slowly break down and provide a steady food source for shrimp to feed on. Its worth to note that biofilm is  the main food source for baby shrimp for the first 5-10 days when they hatch, as they will normally not consume commercial shrimp food during this time due to it being to big and unfamiliar to them.

BacterAE and Genchem Biozyme are two products that come in powder form that will assist with the growth of biofilm, and as such is highly recommended if you with to increase survival rate of your baby shrimp.

Biofilm on Tantora Curls from ShrimpCity (www.shrimpcity.co.za)

Commercial Shrimp Foods

The below foods are divided into different categories based on how they can be used. For more shrimp food you can have a look here.

If you want to add any foods to the growing list, drop us a message.

Daily Feeding

A food you can feed daily to your shrimp that is complete with everything they need (Remember to remove uneaten food after 3 hours of no shrimp eating it!)

24 Hour Foods

These are foods that you can safely leave in your tank for 24 hours without if causing any water parameter problems such as ammonia or nitrite spikes. Snowflake foods can be left until completely gone!

Shrimp food for baby Shrimp

To increase survival rate of baby shrimp special food is recommended. Newborn shrimp will survive solely off bio-film for the first 5 days, and only then start eating more commercial shrimp food.

Food to Assist with shrimp Molting

Food that comes in powdered form

Food that comes in liquid form

Foods that can be fed as treats

It is recommend to feed these food only as a treat and not on a regular basis as overfeeding it might cause problems.

Food for the breeders

These are foods that are often pricey but are extremely good for breeding shrimp, due to their makeup. It is recommend that when breeding to feed a variety.

Top Five Recommended Foods

If you just started keeping shrimp or  is tight on a budget, here is our list of top 5 foods to get and why they are so great! 

  1. SkyFish Aqua - Snowflake
    • Skyfish Aqua Snowflake is slightly different from most of the other snowflake foods available on the market. With a much bigger pellet size as well as flake size it breaks up slowly and spreads slightly around the tank. Bigger pieces don't get eaten by shrimp right away and allows for more biofilm to grow on them in a couple of days giving more food to the shrimp. Snowflake is 100% pure soy bean husks, and do not foul the water, meaning you can't overfeed this, and leave it in the tank with no ill effect! (But don't go crazy on the overfeeding)
  2. GlasGarten - BacterAE
    • Biofilm generating food in powdered form. Great to increase baby shrimp survival rates and ensure good health of all your shrimp! We recommend adding some to a container with tank water and then pouring in the tank for best results, but be careful of overfeeding as its a powerful product.
  3. Leaf litter / Botanicals (Indian Almond Leaves, Guava Leaves, Cones)
    • Leave litter will provide a constant food source for shrimp to graze on when you are not feeding, putting them at number 3 on our list!
    • For a full list of leaves that you can use in your tank have a look at this document.
  4. Tantora - B Leaves
    • B Leaves from Tantora is a new product consisting of many different types of leaves and a few special products. A super food product that is highly recommended.
  5. GlasGarten - Mineral Junkie
    • A complementary food for shrimp and snails that will provide any missing minerals that shrimp require to ensure a healthy shell and reduce molting problems. ShrimpNation Tip : Feed a mineral Junkie ball after a waterchange, to ensure that if shrimp molt due to a water change that they can have a tasty mineral treat afterwords!

What we feed our Shrimp

To ensure healthy shrimp we feed a variety diet of commercial available foods, as well as fresh vegetables on occasion. (Baby Marrow, Spinach, Broccoli)

Below is an example of what we feed when breeding.  In addition to below BacterAE is also fed once a week, with GlasGarten Mineral Junkie every odd week.

Please note that the below changes depending what is available and the season. During summer when temperatures is hotter, more protein rich foods and high mineral foods are used more for breeding. While during the winter, more vegetable based foods are used as breeding is slower.

Shrimpnation feeding schedule for 2 weeks.

From left to right:

  • NatureBoys - Fruit Mix
  • SL Aqua - More Vegetable (Or more Meat)
  • Shirakura - Ebi Dama
  • Skyfish Aqua Snowflake
  • Tantora Ready Mulberry (Or fresh Mulberry leaves when available)
  • Tantora Snowflake
  • GlassGarten - Artemia

Shrimp Feeding Photos

Blue Dreams destroying a Tantora B-Leaves pellet
Sakura Red shrimp attacking a More Veg strip
Blue bolts munching snowflake
Crystal Red Shrimp enjoying blanched baby marrow
Spotted Black Pintos inspecting their food delivery