Shrimp Food Guide


Looking for a new shrimp food for your shrimp, or perhaps just want to learn more about their diet? Will look no further! This shrimp food guide will outline some of the basics of a shrimps diet, the recommended foods, commercial foods, as well as tips and tricks picked up over the years.

They say variety is the spice of life. So why not spice up your shrimp's diet and provide them with the best!

Jump straight to section:

Biofilm The Natural Shrimp Food

Biofilm is considered the number one food source for shrimp both in an aquarium and in nature. It is thus very important that we allow biofilm to grow in our shrimp tanks. Biofilm is naturally occurring and most commonly seen on the surface of decaying leaves or plant matter, often as a white "fungus" looking goo. As organic matter slowly breaks down in the water it will produce biofilm, which in turn shrimp will graze on. 

Livescience describes biofilm as follows: "Biofilms are a collective of one or more types of microorganisms that can grow on many different surfaces. Microorganisms that form biofilms include bacteria, fungi, and protists. "

The best method of adding biofilm into a shrimp tank is to add some natural leaf litter, cones or wood to a tank. It will slowly break down and provide a steady food source for shrimp to feed on. It's worth noting that biofilm is the main food source for baby shrimp for the first 5-10 days when they hatch, as they will normally not consume commercial shrimp food during this time due to it being too big and unfamiliar to them.

BacterAE and Genchem Biozyme are two products that come in powder form that will assist with the growth of biofilm, and as such is highly recommended if you wish to increase the survival rate of your baby shrimp.

ShrimpCity Tantora curl | Shrimp Food Guide
Biofilm on Tantora Curls from ShrimpCity (

Commercial Shrimp Foods

The below foods are divided into different categories based on how they can be used. For more shrimp food you can have a look here.

If you want to add any foods to the growing list, drop us a message.

Daily Feeding

The food you can feed daily to your shrimp that is complete with everything they need (Remember to remove uneaten food after 3 hours of no shrimp eating it!)

24 Hour Foods

These are foods that you can safely leave in your tank for 24 hours without if causing any water parameter problems such as ammonia or nitrite spikes. Snowflake foods can be left until completely gone!

Shrimp food for baby Shrimp

To increase the survival rate of baby shrimp special food is recommended. Newborn shrimp will survive solely off bio-film for the first 5 days, and only then start eating more commercial shrimp food.

Food to Assist with shrimp Molting

Food that comes in powdered form

Foods that can be fed as treats

It is recommended to feed this food only as a treat and not on a regular basis as overfeeding might cause problems.

Food for the breeders

These are foods that are often pricey but are extremely good for breeding shrimp, due to their makeup. It is recommended that when breeding to feed a variety.

Top Five Recommended Foods

If you just started keeping shrimp or is tight on a budget, here is our list of the top 5 foods to get and why they are so great! 

  1. Art Of Aqua - Snowflake
    • Art Of Aqua Snowflake is slightly different from most of the other snowflake foods available on the market. With a much bigger pellet size as well as flake size it breaks up slowly and spreads slightly around the tank. Bigger pieces don't get eaten by shrimp right away and allows for more biofilm to grow on them in a couple of days giving more food to the shrimp. Snowflake is 100% pure soybean husks, and does not foul the water, meaning you can't overfeed this and leave it in the tank with no ill effect! (But don't go crazy on the overfeeding)
  2. GlasGarten - BacterAE
    • Biofilm generating food in powdered form. Great to increase baby shrimp survival rates and ensure good health of all your shrimp! We recommend adding some to a container with tank water and then pouring in the tank for best results but be careful of overfeeding as it's a powerful product.
  3. Leaf litter / Botanicals (Indian Almond Leaves, Guava Leaves, Cones)
    • Leave litter will provide a constant food source for shrimp to graze on when you are not feeding, putting them at number 3 on our list!
    • For a full list of leaves that you can use in your tank have a look at this document.
  4. GlasGarten - ShrimpDinner2
    • ShrimpDinner2 from GlasGarten is an improved version of their already popular food. It no longer has the fishy smell, and shrimp love it. The food also comes in strips that easily break apart if you need to feed less. Minimal fouling of water makes this a great food to feed often as it includes everything they need in it.
  5. GlasGarten - Mineral Junkie
    • Complimentary food for shrimp and snails that will provide any missing minerals that shrimp require to ensure a healthy shell and reduce moulting problems. ShrimpNation Tip: Feed a mineral Junkie ball after a water change, to ensure that if shrimp moult due to a water change that they can have a tasty mineral treat afterwards!

What we feed our Shrimp

To ensure healthy shrimp we feed a varied diet of commercially available foods, as well as fresh vegetables on occasion. (Baby Marrow, Spinach, Broccoli)

Below is an example of what we feed when breeding.  In addition to below BacterAE is also fed once a week, with GlasGarten Mineral Junkie every odd week.

Please note that the below changes depending on what is available and the season. During summer when temperatures are hotter, more protein-rich foods and high mineral foods are used more for breeding. While during the winter, more vegetable-based foods are used as breeding is slower.

ShrimpNation Feeding schedule | Shrimp Food Guide
Shrimpnation feeding schedule for 2 weeks.

From left to right:

  • NatureBoys - Fruit Mix
  • SL Aqua - More Vegetable (Or more Meat)
  • Shirakura - Ebi Dama
  • Skyfish Aqua Snowflake
  • Tantora Ready Mulberry (Or fresh Mulberry leaves when available)
  • Tantora Snowflake
  • GlassGarten - Artemia

Shrimp Feeding Photos

Blue Dreams | Shrimp Nation Shrimp Food Guide
Blue Dreams destroying a Tantora B-Leaves pellet
Red Cherry Shrimp | Shrimp Nation Shrimp Food Guide
Sakura Red shrimp attacking a More Veg strip
Blue Bolts | Shrimp Nation Shrimp Food Guide
Blue bolts munching snowflake
Crystal Red Shrimp | Shrimp Nation Shrimp Food Guide
Crystal Red Shrimp enjoying blanched baby marrow
Spotted Black Pinto | Shrimp Nation Shrimp Food Guide
Spotted Black Pintos inspecting their food delivery